Caucasian Shepherd. In all mammals, including humans, after birth, their children are completely dependent on their mothers. In humans, this addiction can continue to a deep age, but in dogs, it is not. The first two weeks of their independent life go into eating and sleeping. All the energy requirements of youngsters during this period are satisfied with breast milk. Problems can occur if the bitch gets enough breastfeeding or the worst after childbirth has happened to her and the little ones have left without a mother. It is best if another baby bitch is found immediately. The chances of quickly finding a bitch in the same lactation period that has enough breastfeeding and accepting new babies are almost zero. It is then necessary for the farmers to act as a mother. More up-to-date information on eating a Caucasian shepherd can be found here
Kennel Caucasian Shepherd
Caucasian Shepherd. They must first provide appropriate growing conditions. The ambient temperature during the first week should be maintained within the range 35-37C. It is best to do this in an incubator, but it is also possible to save the situation by handy means. Small puppies can be fried on a pillow-pillow or warm with plastic bottles filled with hot water, and so on. Puppies cannot regulate their own body temperature well and they cool very easily. The next serious problem is eating. Newborn puppies can not tolerate even a short period of time without food. More than 50% of their food stock is depleted during the first 3-4 hours of birth. Therefore, it is very important for the young to get as fast as 15-30 minutes from birth. In the beginning, the bitch does not give up proper breast milk, and colostrum, which is very rich in antibodies, and thus the small ones get passive immunity.
Caucasian Shepherd. It protects them from various infections during the first weeks of their life. As the lactation progresses gradually for 2-4 days, colostrum is converted into canine milk. Breast milk is the only normal and complete food for puppies at the beginning of their life, and it is only capable of maintaining fast and intense growth at this stage (puppies double their weight by 8-10 days and triple it to 19-22 day). They grow about 20 times faster than human babies. Giving such milk (cow, goat, sheep) forces small puppies to consume larger quantities to meet their energy needs, which are very large (24-25 x 1l for 100 g of live weight). A simple example – if a puppy weighs about 600 g, he needs 150 x hl daily, he can get 120 g of milk. If cow’s milk is used, twice as large quantities will be needed (see table).
Caucasian Shepherd. During this early period of life, the newborn kidneys do not function at full capacity and the intake of large amounts of fluid (milk) would cause quite adverse effects. Cow’s milk contains several times fewer amounts of protein, fat, calcium, phosphorus. It has a higher content of milk sugar (lactose), which can lead to severe disorders with subsequent dehydration and fatal outcome. For the joy of all, on our market, we can now find special dry dog milk. They are well balanced and adapted to the needs of small puppies, but they can not replace mother’s milk, especially colostrum. For this reason, babies with only milk replacers are very susceptible to all viral and bacterial infections because they do not have the passive immunity obtained from colostrum. In our practice, we have several successful experiences of growing orphaned babies. We used dry human milk NAN and FIZOLAC, except that we were twice as concentrated in milk as recommended for human infants.
Puppies drank every 3 hours (even at night) with a special teat, the temperature of the milk was 38-39C, with a new portion of milk for each meal. Feeding can also be done with a pipette, a small syringe or a gastric tube (a rubber tube of appropriate diameter) through which the milk falls directly into the stomach. However, it is most convenient to use special infants for dogs of a certain size depending on the size of the baby. When feeding artificially, care should be taken not to let young people drown, not to drain from the mouth and nose and not to fall into the trachea and the lungs, as this may cause suffocation. In the first week of their life, youngsters take between 10 and 30 ml. of feeding depending on the breed. It is desirable to prepare a new portion of milk before each meal. After feeding, each puppy should be stimulated to urinate and defecate. The mother does this by intensely licking the abdomen and the anogenital area of each puppy. Farmers can do this with the help of cotton wool soaked in hot water or moistened soil, massaging these areas as a result.
These procedures are done until the age of 17-20 days, after which the youngsters can do relatively well themselves. After a 25-27 day offense, young people may be offered less and gradually other food if needed. These are special granulated foods or pates that are initially mixed with milk or warm water until they get a mash (slightly thicker than boza). Young people of this age do not yet have an instinct to chew, but prefer to head. Until 4 weeks of age, the main food of the young is still breastmilk. From this period, it is normal to start their gradual weaning, and it must end at 6-8 weeks. The baby’s digestive system should gradually and gradually adapt to new foods. During this weaning period, small ones are given 1-2 times a day with the mother per day in order to protect them from the development of mastitis (inflammation of the mammary glands). After being weaned once, the females eat 4-6 times a day, upstairs at regular intervals, and each individual meal lasts for 5-10 minutes.
Dogs and small ones, and then large ones, are prone to overeating, so they should not have permanent access to food. At the age of 4 months, meals can be reduced to 3 times, and after 7 to 8 months they should be fed twice. The goal is to eat less and less often to avoid chronic gastric enlargement, which would cause serious problems in the future. It happens that small puppies often do not eat their food completely, they refuse a meal themselves, this should not be a cause of concern that it is not a disease state. Many farmers are convinced that for a long time after weaning, puppies must continue to feed mostly on milk. It begins to make crazy things with bread and fresh milk; cheeses and cheese, etc., which ensure such a bad start in the life of their dogs that some consequences can not be eliminated at all. After weaning, puppies do not need to consume fresh milk in a form or shape.
The energy requirements for food after weaning are so high that they can not be satisfied by liters of fresh milk and kiwi cheese a day. Puppies aged 2-4 months need 3 times more energy per kg / weight compared to adult individuals of the same breed. These high requirements can only be satisfied with a high quality food suitable for dogs of the given breed at the given age, which will guarantee the owner in the future a healthy and beautiful animal. Dogs are unique with their large birth weight differences as mature individuals, but the total is that in all breeds approximately 50% of their weight reaches at the same time – 5-7 months of age. The big difference is that small and medium breeds end their growth at one year old, while large and giant breeds add the remaining 50% to their weight for approximately another year, ie they grow up to 24 months. Because of this important difference, it is NOT possible to eat a 4-month-old pizza with the same food that you can eat and the saner of this age, and vice versa, only increasing or decreasing the amount of food offered.
At this place, we want to open a big bracket and talk a little more about feeding teenage puppies of large and giant breeds. The first category includes all breeds that, as adults, reach a weight between 25-45 kg. These are a German shepherd; boxer; doberman; drathaar; Labrador and Gold Ritterier and others. The second group includes all weighing over 45 kg. In our country the,e most common are rottweiler; san bernard; Neapolitan Mastiff; German dog; Newfoundland; Caucasian Shepherd; Middle Asian sheepdog and others. Most owners of studs, pinchers, and dachshunds are already asking, „What are these babies of the dog genus deserving of a special attitude?“ We will try to explain the most important differences between David and Goliath in the dog world, hoping to save the future owners (of such breeds) of the nutritional problems. The digestive system in dogs of large and giant breeds represents only 2.5% of their weight and in smallpox, it is over 7% by weight. This shows that it is relatively shorter, weaker, more delicate and sensitive in the big ones.
Dogs weighing over 25 kg in adulthood have a slow and prolonged growth period up to 18-24 months of age and small dogs end their development at 9-12 months. The big breeds have an exceptionally gentle bone system as adolescents. Every kilogram of overweight would increase the risk of joint-bone deformities, even at a normal calcium-phosphorus ratio in food and blood. Dogs naked and as babies, and as adults are much more prone to scrolling the stomach due to a number of anatomical features. Feeding and fast-paced weight gain, enjoyed by almost all owners, may become a turning point for some of the predominantly genetically-engineered diseases of these breeds – hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, panosteitis, and others. Even as babies, the representatives of these breeds do not chew the food well (granules), but prefer to swallow it, which they take a large amount of air (esophagus). This can lead to chronic stomach enlargement. According to our observations, dogs weighing over 25 kg represent a larger percentage of all breeding dogs.
Almost all owners of giant breed puppies are convinced that in order to become healthy and strong (understand big and thick), they need huge amounts of food a day. This is not so. They need adequate food, which is not the equivalent of many. On our market can already find enough quality food for such dogs. They are usually referred to as – Riru; Maxi Junior, or it directly reflects the age to which you should receive such food. These foods are perfectly balanced for the needs of growing babies, diet (even in breeds) and levels of protein, calcium, and phosphorus are. optimal. This is the only way to avoid the rapid gain of pounds and at the same time to cover all energy requirements. A puppy fed with such foods, through the look of the hosts, looks slightly weak and lean with hips and curved ribs, but at the same time it, is very vibrant, with a shiny hair and no health problems. Ensure a good start in life and maximize visits to the vet. If a puppy like that (such as a German shepherd in 4-5 months) meets him with a „neighborhood specialist“ or „a man who has been studying dogs for a lifetime,“ he immediately identifies him as faint and rachistic.
Here are recommendations for giving calcium, Vit D, fish oil, eggshells and carcass flour – all things that have nothing to do with proper and quality nutrition. In any serious nutrition literature, it is emphasized that if the animal feeds a balanced diet for the appropriate age in the specified ratios, nothing is needed. Calcium, phosphorus and Vit D are given only by a veterinarian and NOT by the dog’s entry into the cabinet, but only after a thorough examination, blood tests, and bone scanning of the bone. Once similar preparations have been administered, their blood level should be monitored monthly and respond appropriately to any change.
Another commitment to the owners of growing animals is the regular control of weight. An increment of 1-3 kg per week between the third and the eighth months is absolutely normal. Often the three-fold increase in weight for 10-15 days in practice is very worrying and is a reliable indicator of future health problems. All owners of adolescent dogs should be well aware that the maximum growth and optimal weight of the animal depend more on their tenacetic talents and less than the amount of food eaten. Good and quality food would only help to develop the hereditary qualities of the dog, but the food can not be made from pincher, caucasian lobster. If you want to buy a puppy of the Caucasian shepherd breed from Russia. Please contact the company manager for from кавказкаовчарка.bg.